Costa Rica is world renowned for its abundant and diverse exotic wildlife. With over 500,000 species of animals, many rare, endangered and endemic, Costa Rica animals are amazing! From the adorable sloths to playful monkeys, tiny colorful tree frogs to mammoth 16 foot crocodiles, from endangered jaguars to tiny wild jungle cats, from prehistoric iguanas to the rainbow of more than 918 species of tropical birds, from gentle giants like the whale shark and giant sea turtle to tiny but deadly snakes and frogs, and the more than 300,000 species of insects, Costa Rica Animals will thrill, delight and inspire you!
The Birds of Costa Rica are Astonishing, Amazing and Colourful, they come in sizes from a small as your finger to standing taller than some children. And of Course a wide range of bird calls. For the birders among us, Costa Rica is possibly the best country in the world to visit. Here are few of our favorites.
They come in many colors ranging from the keel-billed, the chestnut-mandible, the emerald toucanet, yellow-eared toucanet, collared aracari also the fiery-billed aracari.
Scarlet Macaws are a bird well known in Costa Rica. They can be spotted in most of the countries National Parks. Spot both the Red, Yellow and Blue macaw and Blue and Gold Macaws. These cool birds are very intelligent and range between 35 – 50 years old.
The Resplendent Quetzal is also well known in Costa Rica. Found in the humid Rainforests of Costa Rica popularly found in San Gerardo De Dota and Monteverde. This amazing bird is a great picture perfect bird of Costa Rica.
Within Costa Rica, you will find approximately 50 different kinds of Hummingbirds. These feather friends love to drink nectar from flowers bird feeders and beat at an alarming rate. You will hear their signature humming as they fly by.
The MotMot is a very common bird in Costa Rica scene mostly throughout the country. Three different kinds are evident here, theTurquoisee billed Motmot, the Tody Motmot, and the Broad Billed Motmot.
The mammals range all over the Costa Rica map, you will even find them in the water. These animal are beautiful and make up the large part of Costa Rica’s biodiversity. Costa Rica is home to over 200 animal species and growing as we discover species never seen before.
Dolphins are a very excited and playful species and love jumping out of the water for you to see them alongside boats. You will find these delightful guys in most of Costa Rica’s waters, especially along the Golfo Dulce. Whale watching and Dolphin tours are a great way to see them.
The elusive Jaguar is Costa Rica’s largest cat. A very hard sight to see as their numbers have drastically diminished over the past years. Although, if you are fortunate enough to find one you will both in awe and scared for your life. They reside mainly in protected areas such as Corcovado national park.
Sloth are located all over Costa Rica. If you have an eye for spotting things look to the trees. You might just find one taking a nap a slowly making his way to the tasty leaves they prefer. There are two species of Sloths in Costa Rica the Brown-Toed Sloth and the Three-Toed Sloth.
Costa Rica holds four types of monkeys including The Squirrel Monkey, Howlers, Spider monkey and lastly the white-headed capuchin. You will also find these guys all over the country but mainly in the Coastal areas. The howlers are by far the loudest with a deep-throated call at 5 in the morning. And the Squirrel monkey is the smallest. With the other two species being average size.
The Baird’s Tapir is one of the rarest mammals in Costa Rica. It is the largest land mammal in Costa Rica and Central America. They reach up to two meters in length and can weigh up to 400 kilograms. They are very docile and don’t bother anyone. The young ones are born with white stripes down the sides. This camouflage is to protect from predators, it is great hiding method. The strips slowly fate as they grow.
This country also holds many species of reptile. They have all kinds of different sizes from as small as your baby finger to longer than a car. Reptiles may not be the fluffiest or cutest of animals but they certainly are amazing. Some of them hold so much strength while others have a large variety of colors.
There are many, many, snakes in Costa Rica. You will find them in trees under rocks, in places that you didn’t know they could fit. Although generally if you’re not bugging them they will leave you alone. One of the most aggressive and well-known snakes here is the Fer-de-lance. It isn’t the most venomous but still is very dangerous. They are aggressive and widespread throughout the country making them the leader of snake attacks. Other snakes you find here include the Eyelash viper, Coral snakes, and Boa constrictors also much more.
The American Crocodile or in this case the Costa Rican Crocodile. They are our biggest reptiles and notably so. They range in sizes of 3-4 meters in length and larger one reaching 5 or more meters. Crocodiles are found in Costa Rica waterways. Particularly you will find many at the Tarcoles bridge. heading toward the pacific from San Jose.
Iguanas are found most of the time in trees. They tend to be a lazy lizard similar to sloths. But you do have to be careful as they do bite and have whip-like tails to defend themselves. Anotdefenseence mechanism they have is to actually drop their tails if a predator is trying to catch them. Although initially painful it is well worth staying alive to relax in the trees. Keep your eyes open as you walk through the national parks you can sometimes see many of them lounging in the trees soaking up the sun. Iguanas can grow up to two meters long with the tail being up to half their body length.
Found literally everywhere in Costa Rica. Under your bed in your closet on the ceiling and then running out your door. They are not mean or vicious, they won’t bite your finger off and they make an interesting sound that you might be mistaken for other small animals. Geckos are very small, as small as your little finger and can grow as big as your hand. They love to eat small bugs, including worms, crickets, and really anything it can find.
Also among our air breathing friend are sea turtles. Firstly found crawling towards the open ocean when just hatched. You will find these guys on both the Caribbean side mainly in Tortuguero and the pacific side. As adults, they come back to their starting point to lay eggs. Ones that come to Costa Rica are the Olive Ridley, the leatherback, green, and hawksbill.
This Country is also well known for insects, Spiders, Scorpions, Butterflies, Mosquitoes. If you can name it Costa Rica more than likely has it and in great numbers. Size is another factor, everything seems just a little bit bigger than everywhere else probably due to the fact of how nature flourishes here.
The beetles here are big. Especially this one in the picture. Called the Hercules beetle, probably because of its size. Not enough with the size, it can also fly. Most Beetles here wait until nightfall to come out and play. That is when you will see the most action from any bug here.
One of the most beautiful parts of the insect world is butterflies. They range in all shapes, sizes and color patterns here. The biggest and most popular among these is the Morpho Butterfly they grow up to 15 centimeters in width. The Morpho are found deep in the rainforest and love to come out during the day they bask in the sunlight and snack on nearby flowers.
As a general rule the smaller the scorpion the more you have to worry about it. The big ones carry less venom even though they may seem worse it is the smaller ones that carry the most potent of venom recipes. Make sure you look out for these guys, look in your shoes under your pillow anywhere you think one might be. Although they aren’t extremely common especially in the central valley.
Spiders are probably tho most frightening on our list. You may never see one but it more than worth a mention. One of these is called the Brazilian wandering spider and holds the world’s most toxic venom. It causes paralysis and can kill you. Another one is the Pica Caballo or horse biter. This is a big hairy tarantula and well known to its name can bite horses. It can be found commonly in trees and many other places.
Mosquitos are found no matter where you go in the world. They may be the most annoying bug of them all. Especially recently you have to watch how much you get bitten because of the Zika virus. Before you come to Costa Rica make sure to bring bug repellant in whatever form you can find.
The amount of Costa Rica Animals that there are astonishing the mind, we just can’t get enouph of what is out there. Why not come and find as many Costa Rica Animals as you can.